ESnet History

View ESnet's 25-year anniversary timeline in PDF.

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1976 - MFEnet provides data links between Fusion Energy home sites and LLNL

1980 - HEPnet developed extensive leased line network managed by volunteers

1985 - Dr. Trivelpiece recommends MFEnet and HEPnet combine to what will become ESnet

- ESnet formal plan established charted with creating a single general purpose network for the ER community
          - James Leighton named head of ESnet
          - ESSC "directs" program's direction

1988 - ESnet provides ER-wide networking services

1989 - ESnet deploys commercially supplied multiprotocol routers via T1 lines.

Early 1990s - ESnet becomes international; links to BRAZIL, DFN, INFN, JAERI, KEK and NIFS
                    - WWW services brought online
                    - Video collaborations introduced

1992 -”Fast-packet” RFP released
         - Multiple lawsuits brought by AT&T to stop award; eventually all are dismissed

1994 - Sprint master contract signed
         - First T3 links
         - First commercial ATM service

1995 - First OC3 service

1996 - ESnet relocates to LBNL
         - IPv6 backbone participation
         - Pioneers telecommuting

1999 - Qwest master contract signed

- Transition to Qwest service complete

2002 - Transition from ATM to POS

2003 - Bill Johnston becomes ESnet Department Head
          - First Lehman review of ESnet

2004 - OSCARS project started
          - Network outages tracked by calendaring system

2005 - Local loop paradigm changes
         - BAMAN implemented
         - First tail circuits procured from wholesale vendors
         - Second Lehman review of ESnet affirms collaborative backbone concept with Internet 2
         - Science Data Network concept is conceived
         - perfSONAR work begins

2006 - MANs are built out
         - CHIMAN connects ANL and FNAL to backbone
         - LIMAN connects BNL to backbone

2007 - IP backbone transitioned to Level 3
         - SDN deployment begins

2008 - Steve Cotter named as ESnet Department Head

2009 - LBNL receives $62M for ANI
         - ESnet receives Excellence.Gov award
         - ESnet honored as one of InformationWeek's Top 10 Government IT Innovators

2010 - ESnet buys its first segment of dark fiber for the Long Island MAN
         - Testbed infrastructure available to community for research

2011 - ESnet's OSCARS (On-Demand Secure Circuits and Advance Reservation System) selected for honorable mention by the University of California Larry L. Sautter Award Program
         - ESnet invited to join GreenTouch Consortium
         - ESnet's OSCARS (On-Demand Secure Circuits and Advance Reservation System) receives IDEA (Internet2 Driving Exemplary Applications) Award
         - ESnet's MAVEN (Monitoring and Visualization of Energy consumed by Networks) proof of concept receives IDEA (Internet2 Driving Exemplary Applications) Award in the student category
         - ESnet celebrates 25th anniversary
         - New Scientific Networking Division at LBNL created as home for ESnet
         - Greg Bell named as acting Division Director for ESnet